The importance of money in our lives is readily apparent to everyone–rich, poor, and in between. However grudgingly, most of us accept the expression “Money makes the world go round” as a universal truth. We are all aware of the power of money–how it influences our moods, compels us to take risks, and serves as the yardstick of success in societies around the world. Yet because we take the daily reality of money so completely for granted, we seldom question how and why it has come to play such a central role in our lives.
In Coined: The Rich Life of Money And How Its History Has Shaped Us, author Kabir Sehgal casts aside our workaday assumptions about money and takes the reader on a global quest to uncover a deeper understanding of the relationship between money and humankind. More than a mere history of its subject, Coined probes the conceptual origins and evolution of money by examining it through the multiple lenses of disciplines as varied as biology, psychology, anthropology, and theology. Coined is not only a profoundly informative discussion of the concept of money, but it is also an endlessly fascinating and entertaining take on the nature of humanity and the inner workings of the mind.
From the game-changing consequences of the U.S. dollar replacing the British sterling as the world’s reserve currency to the beginning and end of the Bretton Woods Agreement–exchange rate policy drastically changes the way we do business, consume goods and services, and create wealth. The global financial system is once again on the cusp of change, affected by the European debt crisis, the rebalancing of the Chinese economy, and the Federal Reserve’s controversial policy of quantitative easing, to name a few. To help investors in all walks of life understand and adapt to the changes ahead, Bloomberg Television’s Sara Eisen presents Currencies After the Crash.
In this insightful and timely book, Eisen brings together the world’s leading minds in the foreign exchange market. These brand-new, never-before-published essays from renowned academics and sought-after practitioners delve into the global financial system’s instability, potential solutions and surrounding controversies, and how specific changes will affect your future wealth. This complete resource gives you all the fundamental background needed to understand the more complex issues that follow, including:
- Will the U.S. dollar lose its precious reserve currency status?
- How have central bank policies affected the world’s major currencies?
- How does China’s control over its currency affect the world?
- What are the benefits and dangers of a shared currency like the euro?
- How has the U.S. dollar’s prominence declined since the financial crisis?
- What is the responsibility of global groups like the International Monetary Fund and G-20 in foreign exchange?
- What role, if any, should gold play in the international monetary system?
Start adapting your investing strategies today based on tomorrow’s fiscal changes with Currencies After the Crash.
About the Author
Sara Eisen is a correspondent for Bloomberg Television. She appears on Bloomberg Surveillance, Bloomberg’s TV program that begins the day’s conversation on business, economics, finance, and investment. She also can be seen daily on Bloomberg TV’s Lunch Money mid-day program. Based in New York City, Eisen specializes in covering global macroeconomics, with a focus on foreign exchange and fixed income markets. She has extensively covered the European debt crisis, interviewing top political leaders and finance ministers from Germany to Greece; she also frequently moderates panels on international economics.
Algeria’s economy remains dominated by the state, a legacy of the country’s socialist post-independence development model. In recent years the Algerian Government has halted the privatization of state-owned industries and imposed restrictions on imports and foreign involvement in its economy. Hydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the 10th-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the sixth-largest gas exporter. It ranks 16th in oil reserves. Strong revenues from hydrocarbon exports have brought Algeria relative macroeconomic stability, with foreign currency reserves approaching $200 billion and a large budget stabilization fund available for tapping. In addition, Algeria’s external debt is extremely low at about 2% of GDP. However, Algeria has struggled to develop non-hydrocarbon industries because of heavy regulation and an emphasis on state-driven growth. The government’s efforts have done little to reduce high youth unemployment rates or to address housing shortages. A wave of economic protests in February and March 2011 prompted the Algerian Government to offer more than $23 billion in public grants and retroactive salary and benefit increases, moves which continue to weigh on public finances. Long-term economic challenges include diversifying the economy away from its reliance on hydrocarbon exports, bolstering the private sector, attracting foreign investment, and providing adequate jobs for younger Algerians.
Source: Economy overview provided by CIA Factbook
The economy is service-oriented with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for about three-fourths of GDP. This island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought and poor soil for agriculture on several of the islands. Although about 40% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of food production in GDP is low. About 82% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit financed by foreign aid and remittances from its large pool of emigrants; remittances supplement GDP by more than 20%. Despite the lack of resources, sound economic management has produced steadily improving incomes. Continued economic reforms are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy and mitigate high unemployment. Future prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, and the momentum of the government’s development program. Cape Verde became a member of the WTO in July 2008.
Source: Economy overview provided by CIA Factbook
The franc became the currency of Rwanda in 1916, when Belgium occupied the previously German colony and the Belgian Congo franc replaced the German East African rupie. Rwanda used the currency of Belgian Congo until 1960, when the Rwanda and Burundi franc was introduced. Rwanda began issuing its own francs in 1964. There are plans to introduce a common currency, a new East African shilling, for the five member states of the East African community.