The HBCU Money™ Weekly Market Watch


Our Money Matters /\ February 27, 2015

A weekly snapshot of African American owned public companies and HBCU Money™ tracked African stock exchanges.

NAME TICKER PRICE (GAIN/LOSS %)

African American Publicly Traded Companies

Citizens Bancshares Georgia (CZBS) $8.70 (0.00% UNCH)

M&F Bancorp (MFBP) $4.70 (0.00% UNCH)

Radio One (ROIA) $2.62 (0.00% UNCH)

African Stock Exchanges

Bourse Regionale des Valeurs Mobilieres (BRVM)  260.71 (0.13% UP)

Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE)  9 593.81 (0.16% DN)

Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE)  2 177.95 (3.67% DN)*

Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE)  175.70 (N/A)

Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) 53 344.20 (0.02% UP)

International Stock Exchanges

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) 11 071.82 (0.09% DN)

London Stock Exchange (LSE)  3 744.26 (0.01% DN)

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TOPIX)  1 523.85 (0.14% UP)

Commodities

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Buy Mediterranean Before Boardwalk: Real Estate Investment Lessons From Monopoly


By William A. Foster, IV

Real estate investing, even on a very small scale, remains a tried and true means of building an individual’s cash flow and wealth. – Robert Kiyosaki

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For all those who have played Monopoly at anytime in life there is one thing for certain, Boardwalk holds an allure that most players simply can not resist. Me and my former roommate would often play the game and on the first few trips around the board as players are snatching up everything they land on, it became apparent to me that I was getting cash poor quickly and so was she. There was no liquidity strategy for either of us. I decided to change my approach and the key to that approach was to not buy Park Place or Boardwalk unless I needed to defensively prevent her from obtaining a monopoly. Even if she had obtained one of the properties I may not buy the other depending on her cash position. A tip in Monopoly, keep your money under the table.

boardwalk

The great sin of Monopoly and many beginner real estate investors is that they do not actually purview the reality of what they are starting with in relation to what they will potentially be buying during the game. Each Monopoly player starts with $1 500. Just a quick examination of why Boardwalk makes no sense for a period of time is that it cost $400 or almost 27 percent of your starting cash position. On each trip around the monopoly board there is a 2.5 percent chance you land on any one square. It would take your competition eight trips around the board before your property paid you back landing on it every single time just to get that money back. Now, let us say you get lucky and land Park Place as well, that is $750 or half your starting cash position to land the Ritz Carlton and Fifth Avenue equivalent. The problem is to get any true value out of them you need to develop them. To get them up to hotel level you first have to build four houses on each which are $200 a piece and then finally a hotel. You can not just build on one property in Monopoly. So if you put one on Boardwalk, then you have to put one on Park Place next. To get both properties up to hotel level it cost $2 000 or 10 trips around the board. In exchange, both properties now give you a 5 percent chance of landing rental income of $3 500. On the flip side, if you were to buy all five “cheap” properties of Mediterranean, Baltic, Oriental, Vermont, and Connecticut and develop them up to hotel level it would cost you $1 690 and give you a 12.5 percent chance for $2 400 in rental income. Again, think about where you are starting. In comparison, you gave up half your cash position to acquire Park Place and Boardwalk, and then need to circle the board at least seven more times to get to hotel level. Whereas for MBOVC properties, you can acquire and build all of them with your starting cash and one trip around the board. By the PPB owner’s sixth trip, you have had the potential of generating $14 400 in rental income at over twice the opportunity that they have, and in the process they will be potentially cash strapped. You on the other hand, just on passing go six times will have accumulated $1 200 in income, not including potential rental gains.

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So how does this play out in the real world? Many start up real estate investors are just not honest with themselves. They want to buy properties that endanger their cash position and not add to it. There are really two types of investment properties in real estate regardless of whether it is commercial or residential; they are cash flow or appreciation. Cash flow properties tend to be the MBOVC properties. They offer little in the way of appreciation, but kick off enormous amounts of cash. On the flip side, PPB are appreciation properties, meaning the cash flow on them will be tight (maybe negative), but over the long-term the property will rise appreciably in value. The problem with the latter for start up real estate investors is that nothing can go wrong. Razor thin margins (if any) means that maintenance and repairs are all coming out of your pocket instead of the properties revenues. In a cash flow property you are looking to keep it standing and functional as opposed to a Miss Universe competition. As such, even basic repairs and maintenance can be kept up with the revenues of the property because of the acute profit margins.

So what are MBOVC properties? It is all relative to your own starting cash position. Things you should keep in mind are how much is your current income, financing options, down payments, estimated repairs and ongoing maintenance, and taxes. In essence, these are properties that will not strain your cash position and have high profit margins. If you can purchase and repair the property and still have a 100 percent profit margin, then that is the bulls eye. Often these are properties that have Section 8 potential or Class D multifamily properties. The latter are usually in low-income and working class areas where tenants have higher eviction rates, more likely to pay rent in cash/money order, and where maintaining a quality standard of the property will not be costly.

Given the rise of renters in the United States with credit still very tight for potential home buyers’, there is a sweet spot available for investors who can offer affordable housing, especially among millennials saddled with student loan debt. Les Christie of CNN Money reports, “The median rent for all types of rental homes hit $1,350 a month in March (2014), up from a median of $1,285 a month 12 months ago, Trulia reported.” You may have to search smaller towns with growing demographics or areas of the big city that are hidden gems, but still offer an affordable purchase option. Thinking outside of the box of where you purchase your rental properties is key. It may be in a small town in Arkansas, but wherever it is be sure you do your homework and not be afraid to take on a project.

sony

Cash is king, as my entrepreneurship teacher Charles Reed would always say and without it you are out of oxygen in business. In Monopoly, I would often buy the red, yellow, and green properties, but would not build on them unless someone landed on my MBOVC properties. This allowed me to grow and keep my cash position sound in case I had landed on someone else’s property. These lessons are the same I am applying to my rental property portfolio. Maybe one day I will own or build a Boardwalk property like the NYC Sony Building (pictured above) where a triplex in the building is on the market for a record $150 million and probably would fetch easily $800 000 to $1 million per month in rental income. Monopoly, it is just a game, but take heed to its lessons and you may just win in real life.

 

Nairobi Stock Exchange Launches Investment Challenge For Youth


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One of Africa’s premier stock exchanges is looking to get its youth involved in savings and investing early. It has announced an investment challenge that will start in May and conclude at the end of July. Exercises like this will go a long way to building a pipeline for the country’s financial industry in the future, liquidity to its markets, and financially stable households for a strong middle class in the future. Teams can be one to four members. Below are the details and link to register.

Registration period: Is ongoing.

Competition Period: 1st May 2015 – 31st July 2015

The NSE Investment Challenge 2015 is an online simulation of live trading at the Nairobi Stock Exchange. Each participant will get “Kshs 2 million” virtual startup capital to invest using the NSE real time information for a period of 3 months. The winner will be the team with the highest portfolio value. Prizes are cash prizes,internships at the NSE and certificates.

OBJECTIVES:

  • To encourage the culture of thrift or saving amongst the youth.
  • To assist in investing this savings in productive enterprises e.g through the NSE
  • To teach the risks and gains involved while trading at the Nairobi Stock Exchange.
  • To popularize stock trading at the Nairobi Stock Exchange with the Kenyan youth.
  • To enhance financial management and entrepreneurial skills among the Kenyan youth.

To register click here.

HBCU Money™ Business Book Feature – China’s Second Continent: Building a New Empire in Africa


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An exciting, hugely revealing account of China’s burgeoning presence in Africa—a developing empire already shaping, and reshaping, the future of millions of people.

A prizewinning foreign correspondent and former New York Times bureau chief in Shanghai and in West and Central Africa, Howard French is uniquely positioned to tell the story of China in Africa. Through meticulous on-the-ground reporting—conducted in Mandarin, French, and Portuguese, among other languages—French crafts a layered investigation of astonishing depth and breadth as he engages not only with policy-shaping moguls and diplomats, but also with the  ordinary men and women navigating the street-level realities of cooperation, prejudice, corruption, and opportunity forged by this seismic geopolitical development. With incisiveness and empathy, French reveals the human face of China’s economic, political, and human presence across the African continent—and in doing so reveals what is at stake for everyone involved.

We meet a broad spectrum of China’s dogged emigrant population, from those singlehandedly reshaping African infrastructure, commerce, and even environment (a self-made tycoon who harnessed Zambia’s now-booming copper trade; a timber entrepreneur determined to harvest the entirety of Liberia’s old-growth redwoods), to those just barely scraping by (a sibling pair running small businesses despite total illiteracy; a karaoke bar owner–cum–brothel madam), still convinced that Africa affords them better opportunities than their homeland. And we encounter an equally panoramic array of African responses: a citizens’ backlash in Senegal against a “Trojan horse” Chinese construction project (a tower complex to be built over a beloved soccer field, which locals thought would lead to overbearing Chinese pressure on their economy); a Zambian political candidate who, having protested China’s intrusiveness during the previous election and lost, now turns accommodating; the ascendant middle class of an industrial boomtown; African mine workers bitterly condemning their foreign employers, citing inadequate safety precautions and wages a fraction of their immigrant counterparts’.

French’s nuanced portraits reveal the paradigms forming around this new world order, from the all-too-familiar echoes of colonial ambition—exploitation of resources and labor; cut-rate infrastructure projects; dubious treaties—to new frontiers of cultural and economic exchange, where dichotomies of suspicion and trust, assimilation and isolation, idealism and disillusionment are in dynamic flux.

Part intrepid travelogue, part cultural census, part industrial and political exposé, French’s keenly observed account ultimately offers a fresh perspective on the most pressing unknowns of modern Sino-African relations: why China is making the incursions it is, just how extensive its cultural and economic inroads are, what Africa’s role in the equation is, and just what the ramifications for both parties—and the watching world—will be in the foreseeable future.

HBCU Money™ Dozen 2/16 – 2/20


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Did you miss HBCU Money™ Dozen via Twitter? No worry. We are now putting them on the site for you to visit at your leisure. We have made some changes here at HBCU Money™ Dozen. We are now solely focused on research and central bank articles from the previous week.

Research

The On-Demand Economy: Entrepreneurship or Exploitation? l CIOonline http://trib.al/7url4LE

New research suggests new rules for nanosized ensemble behavior l Argonne http://1.usa.gov/1MygGXJ

Just 70,000 years ago this star buzzed right past our solar system l New Scientist http://ow.ly/JmdLu

Citizen scientists dive into particle physics and astrophysics research l Symmetry http://ow.ly/Jmelr

Spy agencies hacked SIM card maker’s encryption l Computerworld http://ow.ly/Jmew0

How a university’s data center overhaul makes a green impact l Network World http://bit.ly/1Dv2fAV

Federal Reserve, Central Banks, & Financial Departments

Can Tunisia become a hub for entrepreneurs? l World Bank http://wrld.bg/Jl1EL

Which are the top cities for real estate investment? l World Economic Forum http://wef.ch/1ydCOfk

What size firm has created most jobs in the recovery? l St. Louis Fed http://bit.ly/1DwJwFa

5 lessons on microfinance from women in Latin America l World Economic Forum http://wef.ch/1A8RTEh

What causes changes in consumer sentiment, or “animal spirits,” that drive the business cycle? l SF Fed http://bit.ly/1ySuj9R

Since 1990, the share of household budgets going to education hasn’t risen much, if at all l St. Louis Fed http://bit.ly/1zE8ta3

Thank you as always for joining us on Saturday for HBCU Money™ Dozen. The 12 most important research and finance articles of the week.

The HBCU Money™ Weekly Market Watch


Our Money Matters /\ February 20, 2015

A weekly snapshot of African American owned public companies and HBCU Money™ tracked African stock exchanges.

NAME TICKER PRICE (GAIN/LOSS %)

African American Publicly Traded Companies

Citizens Bancshares Georgia (CZBS) $8.75 (0.00% UNCH)

M&F Bancorp (MFBP) $4.54 (0.00% UNCH)

Radio One (ROIA) $3.02 (1.95% DN)

African Stock Exchanges

Bourse Regionale des Valeurs Mobilieres (BRVM)  257.80 (0.58% UP)

Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE)  9 600.20 (0.05% UP)

Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE)  2 158.40 (4.54% DN)*

Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE)  175.65 (N/A)

Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) 53 035.26 (0.38% UP)

International Stock Exchanges

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) 11 068.77 (0.28% UP)

London Stock Exchange (LSE)  3 724.45 (0.38% UP)

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TOPIX)  1 500.33 (0.36% UNCH)

Commodities

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Two African American Banks Fail To Begin 2015


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The African American banking system suffers major setbacks to begin the year. Highland Community Bank (press release below) which had assets of approximately $73.4 million 2013. The bank was founded November 09, 1970 in Chicago, Illinois. Over the past two years it witnessed double digit asset declines on its books.

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Also seeing its doors close is Capital City Bank & Trust Company in Atlanta, Georgia. Capitol City, was the ninth largest African American owned bank, with $291 million in assets or 5.7 percent of African American bank owned assets. The bank was only 20 years old, meaning it had seen explosive growth in its short time.

These two closures reduce the number of African American owned banks down to 23 ahead of the HBCU Money’s 2015 African American Bank Owned Directory release, and a combined loss of 7.2 percent of African American bank owned assets. For perspective in 1994, there were 54 African American owned banks.

For the FDIC’s Failed Bank List click here.