The HBCU Money™ Weekly Market Watch


Our Money Matters /\ August 28, 2015

A weekly snapshot of African American owned public companies and HBCU Money™ tracked African stock exchanges.

NAME TICKER PRICE (GAIN/LOSS %)

African American Publicly Traded Companies

Citizens Bancshares Georgia (CZBS) $8.57 (0.00% UNCH)

M&F Bancorp (MFBP) $4.50 (5.88% UP)

Radio One (ROIA) $2.85 (5.56% UP)

African Stock Exchanges

Bourse Regionale des Valeurs Mobilieres (BRVM)  296.98 (0.48% UP)

Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE)  10 895.71 (0.27% DN)

Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE)  2 144.08 (5.17% DN)*

Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE)  140.18 (N/A)

Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) 49 966.80 (1.71% UP)

International Stock Exchanges

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) 10 253.42 (0.22% UP)

London Stock Exchange (LSE)  3 434.66 (0.93% UP)

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TOPIX)  1 549.80 (3.29% UP)

Commodities

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HBCU Money™ Business Book Feature – Charlie Munger: The Complete Investor


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Charlie Munger, Berkshire Hathaway’s visionary vice chairman and Warren Buffett’s indispensable financial partner, has outperformed market indexes again and again, and he believes any investor can do the same. His notion of “elementary, worldly wisdom”—a set of interdisciplinary mental models involving economics, business, psychology, ethics, and management—allows him to keep his emotions out of his investments and avoid the common pitfalls of bad judgment. Munger’s system has steered his investments for forty years and has guided generations of successful investors. This book presents the essential steps of Munger’s investing strategy, condensed here for the first time from interviews, speeches, writings, and shareholder letters, and paired with commentary from fund managers, value investors, and business-case historians. Derived from Ben Graham’s value-investing system, Munger’s approach is straightforward enough that even novices can apply it to their portfolios. This book is not simply about stock picking, it’s about cultivating mental models for your whole life, but especially for your investments.

HBCU Money™ Dozen 8/17 – 8/21


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Did you miss HBCU Money™ Dozen via Twitter? No worry. We are now putting them on the site for you to visit at your leisure. We have made some changes here at HBCU Money™ Dozen. We are now solely focused on research and central bank articles from the previous week.

Research

73% of people say it’s important that schools serve healthy food l USDA http://bit.ly/SchoolFood15

Government Policy Support Plays Important Role In Renewable Energy Development l Renewable Cities http://ow.ly/R3znG

See uncharted national treasures from one of America’s marine monuments l Pew Environment http://1.usa.gov/1TOWiaL

Poultry consumption grows with income in the Middle East and North Africa l USDA http://go.usa.gov/364xV

LinkedIn Lookup app helps you connect with coworkers l CIOonline http://trib.al/9G89QnL

Does this mean the universe is shifting to the right? l New Scientist http://ow.ly/R998K

Federal Reserve, Central Banks, & Financial Departments

Read about the growth of lower-paying jobs in the 8th District on our On the Economy blog l St. Louis Fed http://bit.ly/1PomtPc

7 reasons this is an excellent CV for someone with no experience l World Economic Forum http://wef.ch/1MD2cYi

The world’s national debts, from safest to most risky l World Economic Forum http://wef.ch/1J3GQzj

College alone does not close the wealth gap for blacks and latinos. l National Journal http://ow.ly/R9Ji7

People with this type of #personality are more likely to become #entrepreneurs l World Economic Forum http://wef.ch/1NxvwPl

Which start-up cities hire the most women? l World Economic Forum http://wef.ch/1Nus6Ng

Thank you as always for joining us on Saturday for HBCU Money™ Dozen. The 12 most important research and finance articles of the week.

The HBCU Money™ Weekly Market Watch


Our Money Matters /\ August 21, 2015

A weekly snapshot of African American owned public companies and HBCU Money™ tracked African stock exchanges.

NAME TICKER PRICE (GAIN/LOSS %)

African American Publicly Traded Companies

Citizens Bancshares Georgia (CZBS) $8.90 (2.89% UP)

M&F Bancorp (MFBP) $4.30 (0.00% UNCH)

Radio One (ROIA) $2.47 (2.37% DN)

African Stock Exchanges

Bourse Regionale des Valeurs Mobilieres (BRVM)  296.33 (1.22% DN)

Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE)  11 035.41 (0.01% DN)

Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE)  2 164.22 (4.28% DN)*

Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE)  149.66 (N/A)

Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) 49 028.36 (1.47% DN)

International Stock Exchanges

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) 10 315.58 (1.53% DN)

London Stock Exchange (LSE)  3 399.93 (2.65% DN)

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TOPIX)  1 573.01 (3.13% DN)

Commodities

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What If LeBron James Were A Doctor? The Dumbing Down Of African American Males


LeBron and Chris playing violin and singing.

The saddest thing in life is wasted talent. – Lorenzo Anello

Somewhere in an alternative universe a call goes out over the hospital intercom, “Paging Dr. James! Dr. James to operating room, please.” Into the operating room walks a 6’8 250 pound surgeon African American man who smiles at his surgical team, but sternly ask, “Has the patient been prepped?” The staff acknowledges to the doctor the patient has and thus the operation begins. For the next few hours it is a battle of skill, touch, and finesse. With nerves of steel it all comes down to a final cut. The doctor steps back, takes a deep breath, and goes in for the final incision. Success! The patient is responding  better than expected and the surgeon leaves the room to debrief the family. As he speaks with the family cheers and tears of rejoicing come from the crowd of family and friends gathered.

There are currently 5 005 and 1 015 African American males on college football and basketball Division 1 rosters on any given year, respectively. That means every year over 6 000 African American males believe either in the coming year or in a few years they will be eligible to become a professional athlete. The NCAA itself reports that only 1.7 percent of college football players will go on to play professionally and 1.2 percent of college basketball players will go to the NBA, respectively. That means that in any given year out of those 6 000 plus athletes, less than 100 will actually go pro. However, speaking with an ambassador at a local Division 1 program with around 100 players on their football roster just how many of his players believe they can go pro – he said at least half. Inquiring further how many really have a chance and he said maybe two. How can there be such a gulf between those two viewpoints? Warren Goldstein’s examination of William Rhoden’s book $40 Million Dollar Slaves offers us some insight, “Consequently, most black athletes lost their connection to a “sense of mission . . . of being part of a larger cause. Young athletes, in particular, dropped the thread that joins them to that struggle and became, instead, a “lost tribe,” adrift in the world of white coaches, boosters, agents, club officials, network executives — those profiting from black muscle and skill.”

African America is desperately in need of more doctors. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality reports there are 209 000 primary care physicians in the United States, but only 3.9 percent of that number are African American or a pinch over 8 000. An article in the Philadelphia Tribune reports, “Studies also indicate that when minority patients can select a health care professional, they are more likely to choose someone of their own racial and ethnic background.” That means at current, there is 1 African American physician for every 4 938 African Americans, but the nation as a whole has 1 physician for every 1 435 citizens in the United States. In order for African American to reach the national average, there would need to be an increase in the number of African American physicians by over 300 percent. The state of African American males in the medical field is even more acute according to the Journal of Blacks in Higher Education who recently reported, “A new report from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) finds that the number of Black males who are applying to medical school has not increased since 1978. In 1978, 1 410 Black males applied to U.S. medical schools. In 2014, the figure was 1 337. In 1978, 542 Black men matriculated at U.S. medical schools, compared to 515 in 2014.”

Unfortunately, basketball and football often detour thousands of African American males (those who do manage to escape prison) from childhood where they are warped early with promises of fame and riches with even the slightest hint of athleticism. This is not to say sports can not be a valuable part of a boys’ upbringing, but we have made it their central and primary focal point. With only 2 000 available slots to fill out all NFL and NBA rosters and even with turnover the odds of these young men finding their way onto one is virtually null. However, primary care physicians and dentist comprise 350 000 positions in the country combined and unlike athletics which is not expanding its rosters or number of teams, there is actually a growing demand for more doctors and dentist in the country. As for the pay, pro-rated until age 65, an NFL player makes a median salary of $34 200 and a NBA players makes a median salary of $144 000, while a primary care physician’s median salary is $220 000. And the economic cost to the community because of the physician shortage is $4.4 billion annually in just lost opportunity wages alone. Not including the lost wages our community suffers due to illness and poor access to primary physicians. Health is wealth takes on whole new meanings.

And it is not just the medical field that is suffering from this brain dumbing (drain). At a time when there is an acute need for Civil Rights lawyers’ in African America along with entrepreneurs, farmers, technologist, psychologist, and even those who can fill a myriad of new green vocational and professional jobs on the horizon, we are ghastly underrepresented in matters of the mind and overrepresented in matters of the body. Claims that the K-12 system fails these young boys would be correct, but then again so do the parents who are largely force their sons down these paths as they too believe it is the only option. 247Sports reports, “For the typical (AAU) program that is traveling to two national tournaments and one regional tournaments the costs end up being (approximately) $1 500-$2 000 per player.” Imagine if you will though that same $1 500-$2 000 per player being spent was on supplemental education for the boys in academic development. The current public elementary and secondary spending per student in the United States is $12 401. The use of the amount spent on them traveling alone if diverted to the aforementioned supplemental education would be an increase of 12 to 16 percent in the value of the education they receive annually and may have a significant impact on increasing the abysmal high school graduation rate for African American males which is currently 59 percent. We may not have an abundance of resources, but there needs to be a discussion and critique of how we are using what we have.

The repercussions of the dumbing down of African American males is already being felt through the social fabric of our communities. African America is the only ethnicity where females outnumber males in employment. This has consequences as it relates to marriage, crime, and a host of other social issues, but we are not paying attention to the damage we are doing to our boys often until it is too late. We are hypnotized by the LeBron Jameses as being the rule for our boys instead of realizing the exception. That most of these young men with athletic aspirations will never see a professional athlete’s paycheck and if they do the career’s are often short and communal impact is zero. We can kid ourselves into thinking that these athletes bring something to our community of value, but it is just entertainment and disillusioned opportunity. Nothing more and nothing less. Meanwhile, what happens to the thousands who do not make it, who lack the skills to do anything meaningful and substantive, to become a valuable asset to the social, economic, and political fabric of the building of African America. They fall by the wayside and we pay the brutal cost as a people, but are we not entertained?

For the same amount of money we dedicate to Pop Warner athletics, if we just took half of it and put it toward “Pop Warner” academics, STEM camps, chess clubs, and other initiatives that made little black boys feel that we value their minds just as much as their bodies we would see a paradigm shift in a generation. We lay so much blame on “others” for what is happening to our boys and take very little ownership or onus on ourselves for what is happening to them. Pimping them out for decades of their life with the hope of lottery style “winnings” instead of sustainable life and community development, then look perplexed when they and our communities lack the basic infrastructure to become viable. A wise man once said never put your destiny in the hands of others, yet we continue to do so at the expense of these young boys. We maybe entertained, but we are certainly not fulfilled.

Nine Donations Of $1 Million Or More Find Their Way To HBCUs in 2014


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Never respect men merely for their riches, but rather for their philanthropy; we do not value the sun for its height, but for its use. – Gamaliel Bailey

There was thankfully almost no where to go but up after The Center for Philanthropy’s 2013 database reported HBCUs garnered only one $1 million or more donation out of the 559 to colleges and universities. However, with overall $1 million or more donations in 2014 to colleges and universities down 7.5 percent there was not much expectation that HBCUs would see a substantial increase from the previous year. Yet, a substantial increase there was as nine donations of $1 million or more found their way into HBCU hands out of the 517 to colleges and universities in 2014. This represents an increase from 0.2 percent to 1.7 percent of the overall donations year over year.

It is not all glitter and gold though. The gap between the top donations to HBCUs vs. HWCUs highlights both the institutional and household wealth gap that persist in this country. Combined, the nine donations totaled an impressive $20.5 million for HBCUs. Unfortunately if you take the top nine to HWCUs that number is $1.2 billion or 56 times greater. The gap between the largest donations is even bigger. Harvard University received a $350 million gift, while Paul Quinn College received a $4.4 million gift or an amount almost 80 times less. Transformative donors who can change the paradigm of an entire institution with one donation are much harder to come by for HBCUs. Transformative donations can be different amounts for different size institutions, but the definition lends itself to a minimum of $50 million and above for HBCUs. A figure that would double the bottom half of the top ten HBCU endowments and move the needle double digits on the upper half of the top ten HBCU endowments.

So what is holding back these transformative donations to HBCUs? A myriad of factors. Most transformative donors are titans of industry throughout America and the world. Their ownership in corporations and investments lends them the wealth to do such. African America’s disproportionate labor presence in the public sector where incomes are limited, lack of entrepreneurship, and lack of overall investment in our own institutions often aborts the ability for capital to circulate in African America. However, as more HBCUs are creating entrepreneurship centers on their campuses this could prove in the long-term a positive shift. In the short term, there has to be more emphasis on securing donations from the likes of African American celebrities willing to both give seven figure donations and lend their public capital to the institutions in the way of attracting more donors. That is if HBCUs can throw off their issues of being donor image conscious.

The growth in the number of $1 million or more donations is a positive if it continues, but the amounts as well need to see dramatic increases as well for us to make sure our institutions are viable for generations to come.

1. Trammell S. Crow – $4.4 Million
Recipient: Paul Quinn College
Source of Wealth: Family wealth, Real estate

2. Alfred C. Liggins – $4 Million
Recipient: Howard University
Source of Wealth: Media and entertainment

3. Ada Cecilia Collins Anderson – $3 Million                                                  Recipient: Huston-Tillotson University
Source of Wealth: Insurance, Real estate

4. Anonymous – $2.1 Million                                                                          Recipient: Virginia Union University
Source of Wealth: N/A

5. Anonymous – $2 Million                                                                             Recipient: Stillman College
Source of Wealth: N/A

6. Steve and Anne Pajcic – $2 Million                                                        Recipient: Edward Waters College University
Source of Wealth: Law

7. Nicholas Perkins – $1 Million                                                                    Recipient: Fayetteville State University
Source of Wealth: Food and beverage

8. Josh Smith – $1 Million                                                                                Recipient: Central State University
Source of Wealth: Consulting

9. William R. & Norma B. Harvey – $1 Million                                                  Recipient: Talladega College
Source of Wealth: Education, Manufacturing

Source: The Center for Philanthropy

 

HBCU Money™ Business Book Feature – Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die


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Mark Twain once observed, “A lie can get halfway around the world before the truth can even get its boots on.” His observation rings true: Urban legends, conspiracy theories, and bogus public-health scares circulate effortlessly. Meanwhile, people with important ideas–business people, teachers, politicians, journalists, and others–struggle to make their ideas “stick.”

Why do some ideas thrive while others die? And how do we improve the chances of worthy ideas? InMade to Stick, accomplished educators and idea collectors Chip and Dan Heath tackle head-on these vexing questions. Inside, the brothers Heath reveal the anatomy of ideas that stick and explain ways to make ideas stickier, such as applying the “human scale principle,” using the “Velcro Theory of Memory,” and creating “curiosity gaps.”

In this indispensable guide, we discover that sticky messages of all kinds–from the infamous “kidney theft ring” hoax to a coach’s lessons on sportsmanship to a vision for a new product at Sony–draw their power from the same six traits.

Made to Stick is a book that will transform the way you communicate ideas. It’s a fast-paced tour of success stories (and failures)–the Nobel Prize-winning scientist who drank a glass of bacteria to prove a point about stomach ulcers; the charities who make use of “the Mother Teresa Effect”; the elementary-school teacher whose simulation actually prevented racial prejudice. Provocative, eye-opening, and often surprisingly funny, Made to Stick shows us the vital principles of winning ideas–and tells us how we can apply these rules to making our own messages stick.